Journal article

Antipsychotic Drugs: Evolving Mechanisms of Action with Improved Therapeutic Benefits

B Dean, E Scarr

CNS & Neurological Disorders | BENTHAM SCIENCE PUBL | Published : 2004

Abstract

One of the conundrums of neuropharmacology is to understand the therapeutic mechanisms of action of antipsychotic drugs. Every drug with antipsychotic activity is a dopamine (DA) D(2)-like receptor antagonist and therefore this function is critical to reducing psychotic symptoms. However, the actions of the archetypal atypical antipsychotic drug clozapine go beyond antipsychotic effects because the drug is efficacious in treating psychotic symptoms that do not respond to drugs mainly directed at antagonizing the DA D(2) receptor, has benefits in cognition and has recently been shown to reduce levels of suicide. A growing understanding of the mechanisms of clozapine and other atypical antipsy..

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