Journal article

A neural model of 3D shape-from-texture: Multiple-scale filtering, boundary grouping, and surface filling-in

Stephen Grossberg, Levin Kuhlmann, Ennio Mingolla

VISION RESEARCH | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2007

Abstract

A neural model is presented of how cortical areas V1, V2, and V4 interact to convert a textured 2D image into a representation of curved 3D shape. Two basic problems are solved to achieve this: (1) Patterns of spatially discrete 2D texture elements are transformed into a spatially smooth surface representation of 3D shape. (2) Changes in the statistical properties of texture elements across space induce the perceived 3D shape of this surface representation. This is achieved in the model through multiple-scale filtering of a 2D image, followed by a cooperative-competitive grouping network that coherently binds texture elements into boundary webs at the appropriate depths using a scale-to-dept..

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