Fluctuating asymmetry, fecundity and development time in Drosophila: is there an association under optimal and stress conditions?
RE Woods, CM Sgro, MJ Hercus, AA Hoffmann
JOURNAL OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY | WILEY | Published : 2002
A number of studies have reported a significant negative association between fluctuating asymmetry (FA) of bilateral morphological traits and individual fitness traits, but almost all of these are unreplicated and based on small sample sizes using single trait estimates of FA. We therefore tested if there was a relationship between the FA of five bilateral traits and fecundity and development time in Drosophila in a multiple replicated experimental design. Stressed treatments were included to increase the variability of traits and to test whether associations among traits were affected by changes in the environment. Significant positive relationships were found between the size of wing chara..View full abstract