Journal article

Drinking patterns and their gender differences in Europe

Pia Makela, Gerhard Gmel, Ulrike Grittner, Herve Kuendig, Sandra Kuntsche, Kim Bloomfield, Robin Room

ALCOHOL AND ALCOHOLISM | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2006

Abstract

AIMS: To compare drinking habits and to examine differences between drinking cultures in different regions and countries in Europe; to examine gender differences in drinking habits and to compare them over countries. METHODS: Data consisted of independently conducted, centrally analysed surveys in the general population aged 20-64 years in 14 European countries. Central measures were abstention, frequency and volume of drinking overall and by beverage type, amounts drunk per drinking day, and heavy episodic drinking. RESULTS: There were clear gender differences in all drinking measures, except for wine drinking. Differences between genders were often smaller than average in northern Europe. ..

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