Journal article

A critical evaluation of recent models for Lau-Tonga arc-backarc basin magmatic evolution

Janet M Hergt, Jon D Woodhead

CHEMICAL GEOLOGY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2007

Abstract

New trace element, Sr-, Nd-, Pb- and Hf isotope data provide insights into the evolution of the Tonga-Lau Basin subduction system. The involvement of two separate mantle domains, namely Pacific MORB mantle in the pre-rift and early stages of back-arc basin formation, and Indian MORB mantle in the later stages, is confirmed by these results. Contrary to models proposed in recent studies on the basis of Pb isotope and other compositional data, this change in mantle wedge character best explains the shift in the isotopic composition, particularly 143Nd/144Nd ratios, of modern Tofua Arc magmas relative to all other arc products from this region. Nevertheless, significant changes in the slab-deri..

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