Journal article

Gravitational waves from accreting neutron stars

A Melatos

ADVANCES IN SPACE RESEARCH | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2007

Abstract

The observational evidence for gravitational wave emission from accreting millisecond pulsars, specifically the spin frequency distribution of the population, is reviewed. These continuous wave sources are promising candidates for detection by LIGO. Four theoretical mechanisms are discussed for producing the mass quadrupole moments inferred from the spin frequency data: thermal mountains (formed by gradients in the electron capture rate), r-modes in the core, magnetic mountains (formed by polar magnetic burial), and superfluid circulation in the core. For magnetic mountains, it is shown that the gravitational wave strain is inversely proportional to the magnetic moment, and that the gravitat..

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University of Melbourne Researchers