Journal article

Preexisting cognitive impairment in patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery

Brendan S Silbert, David A Scott, Lisbeth A Evered, Matthew S Lewis, Paul T Maruff

ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2007

Abstract

BACKGROUND: An accurate assessment of the prevalence of cognitive impairment in patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is necessary if valid assumptions regarding cognitive change are to be made. Such an assessment requires the use of a healthy control group free of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: In a retrospective observational study, 349 patients scheduled for CABG surgery underwent neuropsychological testing. We compared the results with those from a group of 170 healthy controls without cardiovascular disease and containing more female patients who were matched for age and IQ score. Cognitive impairment was defined as test scores > or =2 sd less than the con..

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