Journal article

A community-based, time-matched, case-control study of respiratory viruses and exacerbations of COPD

Anastasia F Hutchinson, Anil K Ghimire, Michelle A Thompson, Jim F Black, Caroline A Brand, Adrian J Lowe, David M Smallwood, Ross Vlahos, Steven Bozinovski, Graham V Brown, Gary P Anderson, Louis B Irving

Respiratory Medicine | W B SAUNDERS CO LTD | Published : 2007

Abstract

Respiratory viruses are associated with severe acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in hospitalized patients. However, exacerbations are increasingly managed in the community, where the role of viruses is unclear. In community exacerbations, the causal association between viruses and exacerbation maybe confounded by random fluctuations in the prevalence of circulating respiratory viruses. Therefore, to determine whether viral respiratory tract infections are causally associated with community exacerbations, a time-matched case-control study was performed. Ninety-two subjects (mean age 72 yrs), with moderate to severe COPD, (mean FEV(1) 40% predicted), were enro..

View full abstract