Journal article

Probability as certainty: Dichotomous thinking and the misuse of p values

Rink Hoekstra, Sue Finch, Henk AL Kiers, Addie Johnson

PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW | PSYCHONOMIC SOC INC | Published : 2006

Abstract

Significance testing is widely used and often criticized. The Task Force on Statistical Inference of the American Psychological Association (TFSI, APA; Wilkinson & TFSI, 1999) addressed the use of significance testing and made recommendations that were incorporated in the fifth edition of the APA Publication Manual (APA, 2001). They emphasized the interpretation of significance testing and the importance of reporting confidence intervals and effect sizes. We examined whether 286 Psychonomic Bulletin & Review articles submitted before and after the publication of the TFSI recommendations by APA complied with these recommendations. Interpretation errors when using significance testing were sti..

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University of Melbourne Researchers