Journal article

Reconstructing atmospheric histories from measurements of air composition in firn

CM Trudinger, DM Etheridge, PJ Rayner, IG Enting, GA Sturrock, RL Langenfelds

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES | AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION | Published : 2002

Abstract

This paper investigates the use of a numerical model of firn diffusion and bubble trapping in the reconstruction of atmospheric records from firn measurements. We describe the concept of mean age and effective age of tracers in firn air and how the growth rate of a tracer in the atmosphere can alter the effective age. We discuss an iterative method to assign effective ages to firn measurements for tracers with fairly simple atmospheric histories, taking into account atmospheric growth rate variations. We then develop a Bayesian synthesis inversion calculation for inverting firn concentration measurements. This calculation gives estimates of the atmospheric concentration record with uncertain..

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