Journal article

The epidemiology of invasive group A streptococcal disease in Victoria, Australia

Kerry-Ann F O'Grady, Loraine Kelpie, Ross M Andrews, Nigel Curtis, Terence M Nolan, Gowri Selvaraj, Jonathan W Passmore, Frances Oppedisano, John A Carnie, Jonathan R Carapetis

MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA | AUSTRALASIAN MED PUBL CO LTD | Published : 2007

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and severity of invasive group A streptococcal infection in Victoria, Australia. DESIGN: Prospective active surveillance study. SETTING: Public and private laboratories, hospitals and general practitioners throughout Victoria. PATIENTS: People in Victoria diagnosed with group A streptococcal disease notified to the surveillance system between 1 March 2002 and 31 August 2004. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Confirmed invasive group A streptococcal disease. RESULTS: We identified 333 confirmed cases: an average annual incidence rate of 2.7 (95% CI, 2.3-3.2) per 100,000 population per year. Rates were highest in people aged 65 years and older and those younger than 5 ..

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