Journal article

Adventitial application of the NADPH oxidase inhibitor apocynin in vivo reduces neointima formation and endothelial dysfunction in rabbits

Elsa C Chan, Srinivasa R Datla, Rodney Dilley, Haruyo Hickey, Grant R Drummond, Gregory J Dusting

CARDIOVASCULAR RESEARCH | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2007

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Reactive oxygen species including superoxide have been shown to promote atherogenesis. We previously showed that a major source of superoxide, the NADPH oxidase system, is upregulated in the intima and adventitia during remodelling induced by periarterial collars in rabbits. We have now examined the action of the NADPH oxidase inhibitor apocynin, given via the adventitia, on the neointima formation and endothelial function in this model. METHODS: Perivascular collars were implanted around the common carotid arteries of male NZW rabbits for 14 days to induce intimal thickening. The periarterial space of one collar was filled with apocynin (1 mM) while the contralateral collar with ..

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