Molecular pathways for lymphangiogenesis and their role in human disease.
Steven A Stacker, Rae H Farnsworth, Tara Karnezis, Ramin Shayan, Darrin P Smith, Karri Paavonen, Natalia Davydova, Carol Caesar, Rachael Inder, Megan E Baldwin, Bradley K McColl, Sally Roufail, Richard A Williams, Richard A Hughes, Kari Alitalo, Marc G Achen
Novartis Found Symp | Published : 2007
The lymphatic network functions to return fluid, cells and macromolecules to the circulation. Recent characterization of growth factors that control the growth and development of the lymphatics, and markers which specify lymphatic endothelial cells have enhanced our understanding of this system. Members of the VEGF family of factors are key regulators of these vessels with VEGF-C/VEGF-D and VEGFR-3 being the best validated signalling pathways in lymphangiogenesis. The study of these molecules in various pathologies has shown that they are important in the processes of cancer metastasis and in the formation of lymphoedema. Knowledge of these molecular pathways allows for the generation of mod..View full abstract