Journal article

Mice lacking three myeloid colony-stimulating factors (G-CSF, GM-CSF, and M-CSF) still produce macrophages and Granulocytes and mount sterile model of peritonitis

Margaret L Hibbs, Cathy Quilici, Nicole Kountouri, John F Seymour, Jane E Armes, Antony W Burgess, Ashley R Dunn

Journal of Immunology | AMER ASSOC IMMUNOLOGISTS | Published : 2007


To assess the combined role of G-CSF, GM-CSF, and M-CSF in myeloid cell production, mice deficient in all three myeloid CSFs were generated (G-/-GM-/-M-/- mice). G-/-GM-/-M-/- mice share characteristics found in mice lacking individual cytokines: they are toothless and osteopetrotic and furthermore acquire alveolar proteinosis that is more severe than that found in either GM-/- or G-/-GM-/- mice. G-/-GM-/-M-/- mice have a significantly reduced lifespan, which is prolonged by antibiotic administration, suggesting compromised ability to control bacterial infection. G-/-GM-/-M-/- mice have circulating neutrophils and monocytes, albeit at significantly reduced numbers compared with wild-type mic..

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