Journal article

Charging behavior at the alumina-water interface and implications for ceramic processing

George V Franks, Yang Gan

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY | WILEY | Published : 2007

Abstract

The interaction of water and the alumina surface is comprehensively reviewed. Water can be incorporated in the alumina crystal structure resulting in the formation of aluminum hydroxides such as gibbsite. Alumina dissolves into water to an extent that depends primarily upon the solution pH and temperature. The soluble Al (III) aq species (hydrolysis products) likewise depend upon the solution pH, temperature, aluminum, and other salt concentrations. The development of charge on the surface of alumina is controlled by amphoteric surface ionization reactions. The charging behavior of both alumina powders and single crystal faces is compared. The differences can be explained by the reactivities..

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University of Melbourne Researchers