Journal article

The effect of cyclic deformation and solute binding on solute transport in cartilage

Lihai Zhang, Bruce S Gardiner, David W Smith, Peter Pivonka, Alan Grodzinsky

ARCHIVES OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2007

Abstract

Diffusive transport must play an important role in transporting nutrients into cartilage due to its avascular nature. Recent theoretical studies generally support the idea that cyclic loading enhances large molecule transport through advection. However, to date, reactive transport, i.e. the effects of solute binding, has not yet been taken into consideration in cyclically deformed cartilage. In the present study, we develop a reactive transport model to describe the potential role of binding of solute within cyclically deformed cartilage. Our results show that binding does have a significant effect on transport, particularly for the low IGF-I concentrations typical of synovial fluid. A dynam..

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