Journal article

Neuronal and glial cell abnormality as predictors of progression of diabetic retinopathy

Erica L Fletcher, Joanna A Phipps, Michelle M Ward, Theresa Puthussery, Jennifer L Wilkinson-Berka

CURRENT PHARMACEUTICAL DESIGN | BENTHAM SCIENCE PUBL LTD | Published : 2007

Abstract

Diabetes is known to cause significant alterations in the retinal vasculature. Indeed, diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in those of working age. Considerable evidence is emerging that indicates that retinal neurons are also altered during diabetes. Moreover, many types of neuronal deficits have been observed in animal models and patients prior to the onset of vascular compromise. Such clinical tools as the flash ERG, multifocal ERG, colour vision, contrast sensitivity and short-wavelength automated perimetry, all provide novel means whereby neuronal dysfunction can be detected at early stages of diabetes. The underlying mechanisms that lead to neuronal deficits are like..

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