Journal article

The association between maternal smoking in pregnancy, other early life characteristics and childhood vision: The twins eye study in Tasmania

AL Ponsonby, SA Brown, LS Kearns, JR MacKinnon, LW Scotter, JA Cochrane, DA Mackey

OPHTHALMIC EPIDEMIOLOGY | TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC | Published : 2007

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the association between maternal smoking in pregnancy, early-life environment and childhood vision. METHODS: Twin and triplet children enrolled in the Twins Eye Study in Tasmania underwent a comprehensive ophthalmic examination and their parents/guardians retrospectively answered a questionnaire regarding crawling, walking and other measures. A subset of these twins was also in the Tasmanian Infant Health Survey, which prospectively collected data on antenatal smoking, gestation, birth weight and other factors. RESULTS: The mean age of the 346 individuals (172 multiple birth sets) at the time of examination was 9.25+/-2.4 years. Mean unaided visual acuity was 0.0 (6/6..

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