Journal article

The differential regulation of Smad7 in kidney tubule cells by connective tissue growth factor and transforming growth factor-beta1

Weier Qi, Xinming Chen, Stephen Twigg, Yuan Zhang, Richard E Gilbert, Darren J Kelly, Carol A Pollock

NEPHROLOGY | WILEY | Published : 2007


AIMS: Smad7 is an inhibitory Smad that regulates transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is recognized as a potent downstream mediator of the fibrogenic effects of TGF-beta1. SMAD binding sites have been identified in both TGF-beta and CTGF promoters. The effect of CTGF on Smad7 expression and its role in the regulation of Smad7 induced by TGF-beta1 in renal tubular cells is unknown. METHODS: Human model of proximal tubular cells (HK-2 cells) was used and confirmed using a diabetic rat model. RT-PCR was performed to measure Smad7, TGF-beta1 and Smad2 and ELISA was performed to measure active TGF-beta1. CTGF or TGF-beta1 was silenced in HK-..

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