Journal article

Multiple mantle plume components involved in the petrogenesis of subduction-related lavas from the northern termination of the Tonga Arc and northern Lau Basin: Evidence from the geochemistry of arc and backarc submarine volcanics

Trevor J Falloon, Leonid V Danyushevsky, Tony J Crawford, Roland Maas, Jon D Woodhead, Stephen M Eggins, Sherman H Bloomer, Dawn J Wright, Sergei K Zlobin, Andrew R Stacey

GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS | AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION | Published : 2007

Abstract

We report new geochemical data for boninites and backarc basin-type basalts recovered from the northern termination of the Tonga trench and Lau Basin. Boninitic pillow lavas, ranging from high-Mg compositions to andesites and dacites, have been erupted within large submarine volcanic edifices (calderas and volcanoes) associated with active rifting of both the northern end of the Tofua volcanic arc and in a backarc position relative to the arc volcanoes on the northern Tonga Ridge. The mantle sources in the area are a complex mixture of (1) the "normal" Tongan mantle wedge source that has "Pacific"-type isotopic signature with (2) the plume-related components (EMI, EMII, and HIMU) and (3) an ..

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