Journal article

Iron-overload-related disease in HFE hereditary hemochromatosis

Katrina J Allen, Lyle C Gurrin, Clare C Constantine, Nicholas J Osborne, Martin B Delatycki, Amanda J Nicoll, Christine E McLaren, Melanie Bahlo, Amy E Nisselle, Chris D Vulpe, Gregory J Anderson, Melissa C Southey, Graham G Giles, Dallas R English, John L Hopper, John K Olynyk, Lawrie W Powell, Dorota M Gertig

NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE | MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAL SOC | Published : 2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Most persons who are homozygous for C282Y, the HFE allele most commonly asssociated with hereditary hemochromatosis, have elevated levels of serum ferritin and transferrin saturation. Diseases related to iron overload develop in some C282Y homozygotes, but the extent of the risk is controversial. METHODS: We assessed HFE mutations in 31,192 persons of northern European descent between the ages of 40 and 69 years who participated in the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study and were followed for an average of 12 years. In a random sample of 1438 subjects stratified according to HFE genotype, including all 203 C282Y homozygotes (of whom 108 were women and 95 were men), we obtained c..

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