Journal article

Changes in resting energy expenditure in children with congenital heart disease

A Nydegger, A Walsh, DJ Penny, R Henning, JE Bines

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2009

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to relate changes in energy expenditure and growth in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD), to the timing of corrective cardiac surgery. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of infants less than 1 year with CHD admitted for cardiac surgery to Royal Children's Hospital, between January to September 2005. Infants were assessed using anthropometry and indirect calorimetry and compared to healthy age-matched controls. RESULTS: Infants (38) underwent corrective (n=25) or palliative (n=13) cardiac surgery either at 10 days. Infants undergoing corrective surgery after 10 days had deficits in z-scores for weight compared with infants undergoing early surgery..

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