Journal article

The anatomy of the cremaster muscle during inguinoscrotal testicular descent in the rat

Efrant J Harnaen, Angelika F Na, Natalie S Shenker, Magdy Sourial, Pamela J Farmer, Bridget R Southwell, John M Hutson

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY | W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC | Published : 2007

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Extrapolation of rat testicular descent studies to humans has been criticized because of anatomical differences of the cremaster muscle. Human cremaster is described as a thin strip rather than a large, complete sac as in rats, which is proposed to be more important in propelling the testis during descent. This study investigated cremaster muscle anatomy and ontogeny in both normal and cryptorchid rat models. METHODS: Gubernacula from 4 groups of neonatal rats were sectioned longitudinally and transversely: normal Sprague-Dawley, capsaicin pretreated, flutamide pretreated, and congenital cryptorchid rats. Gubernacula were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, Masson trichrome, and desm..

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