Journal article

Lamivudine resistance in patients with chronic hepatitis B: Role of clinical and virological factors

Alexander JV Thompson, Anna Ayres, Lilly Yuen, Angeline Bartholomeusz, D Scott Bowden, David M Iser, Robert YM Chen, Barbara Demediuk, Gideon Shaw, Sally J Bell, Katrina JR Watson, Stephen A Locarnini, Paul V Desmond

JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY | WILEY-BLACKWELL | Published : 2007

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Lamivudine resistance is associated with long-term monotherapy for chronic hepatitis B and can lead to potentially serious clinical consequences. Scant information exists regarding the influence of hepatitis B virus variants in the development of resistance. The present study was designed to identify factors predictive of lamivudine resistance, with a particular focus on the role of precore and basal core promoter variants in the setting of hepatitis B e antigen-negative disease. METHODS: Eighty-five patients, representing four major genotypes, were followed prospectively on lamivudine therapy. Resistance was defined as an increase in viral load, with polymerase gene sequencing c..

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