Current management of the undescended testicle.
John M Hutson, Melanie CC Clarke
Semin Pediatr Surg | Published : 2007
Cryptorchidism, where either one or both testes fails to migrate to the base of the scrotum, affects 4% to 5% of full-term and 9% to 30% of premature males at birth. The testis can be found in any position along its usual line of descent; however, approximately 80% will be located in the inguinal region, just outside the inguinal canal. Early correction, from 3 to 6 months of age, is currently advised. The preferred means of investigation and subsequent surgical intervention are dependent on the position of the cryptorchid testis. Risks associated with cryptorchidism include infertility and malignancy. The aim of appropriate management is to minimize these, and any other, associated complica..View full abstract