Journal article

Neurotrophic factors and neural prostheses: Potential clinical applications based upon findings in the auditory system

Lisa N Pettingill, Rachael T Richardson, Andrew K Wise, Stephen J O'Leary, Robert K Shepherd

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING | IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC | Published : 2007

Abstract

Spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) are the target cells of the cochlear implant, a neural prosthesis designed to provide important auditory cues to severely or profoundly deaf patients. The ongoing degeneration of SGNs that occurs following a sensorineural hearing loss is, therefore, considered a limiting factor in cochlear implant efficacy. We review neurobiological techniques aimed at preventing SGN degeneration using exogenous delivery of neurotrophic factors. Application of these proteins prevents SGN degeneration and can enhance neurite outgrowth. Furthermore, chronic electrical stimulation of SGNs increases neurotrophic factor-induced survival and is correlated with functional benefits. Th..

View full abstract