Journal article

Deafness alters auditory nerve fibre responses to cochlear implant stimulation

David J Sly, Leon F Heffer, Mark W White, Robert K Shepherd, Michael GJ Birch, Ricki L Minter, Niles E Nelson, Andrew K Wise, Stephen J O'Leary

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE | WILEY | Published : 2007

Abstract

Here we characterized the relationship between duration of sensorineural hearing loss and the response of the auditory nerve to electrical stimulus rate. Electrophysiological recordings were made from undeafened guinea pigs and those ototoxically deafened for either 5 weeks or 6 months. Auditory neuron survival decreased significantly with the duration of deafness. Extracellular recordings were made from auditory nerve fibres responding to biphasic, charge-balanced current pulses delivered at rates of 20 and 200 pulses/s via a monopolar scala tympani stimulating electrode. The response to 20 pulses/s electrical stimulation of the deafened cochlea exhibited a decrease in spike latency, unalte..

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