Journal article

The redox chemistry of the Alzheimer's disease amyloid beta peptide

Danielle G Smith, Roberto Cappai, Kevin J Barnham

BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-BIOMEMBRANES | ELSEVIER | Published : 2007

Abstract

There is a growing body of evidence to support a role for oxidative stress in Alzheimer's disease (AD), with increased levels of lipid peroxidation, DNA and protein oxidation products (HNE, 8-HO-guanidine and protein carbonyls respectively) in AD brains. The brain is a highly oxidative organ consuming 20% of the body's oxygen despite accounting for only 2% of the total body weight. With normal ageing the brain accumulates metals ions such iron (Fe), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu). Consequently the brain is abundant in antioxidants to control and prevent the detrimental formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated via Fenton chemistry involving redox active metal ion reduction and activati..

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