Journal article

Smoking and risk of breast cancer in carriers of mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 aged less than 50 years

BREAST CANCER RESEARCH AND TREATMENT | SPRINGER | Published : 2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoke contains compounds that may damage DNA, and the repair of damage may be impaired in women with germline mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2. However, the effect of cigarette smoking on breast cancer risk in mutation carriers is the subject of conflicting reports. We have examined the relation between smoking and breast cancer risk in non-Hispanic white women under the age of 50 years who carry a deleterious mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study using data from carriers of mutations in BRCA1 (195 cases and 302 controls) and BRCA2 (128 cases and 179 controls). Personal information, including smoking history, was collected using a common stru..

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