Journal article

Distinct functional roles for the Menkes and Wilson copper translocating P-type ATPases in human placental cells

Belinda Hardman, Agnes Michalczyk, Mark Greenough, James Camakaris, Julian FB Mercer, M Leigh Ackland

CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY | KARGER | Published : 2007

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The copper transporting ATPases, Menkes (ATP7A; MNK) and Wilson (ATP7B; WND) are essential for normal copper transport in the human body. The placenta is the key organ in copper supply to the fetus during pregnancy and it is one of the few organs in the body to express both of the ATPases. The placenta therefore provides a unique opportunity to elucidate the specific roles of these transporters within the one cell type. METHODS/RESULTS: Using polarized placental Jeg-3 cells, siRNA technology and radio-labelled 64Cu transport assays, MNK and WND were shown to have distinct roles in the vectorial transport of copper. MNK transported copper from the cell via the basolateral mem..

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University of Melbourne Researchers