Journal article

Wastewater irrigation: The state of play

Andrew J Hamilton, Frank Stagnitti, Xianzhe Xiong, Simone L Kreidl, Kurt K Benke, Peta Maher

Vadose Zone Journal | WILEY | Published : 2007

Abstract

As demand for fresh water intensifies, wastewater is frequently being seen as a valuable resource. Furthermore, wise reuse of wastewater alleviates concerns attendant with its discharge to the environment. Globally, around 20 million ha of land are irrigated with wastewater, and this is likely to increase markedly during the next few decades as water stress intensifies. In 1995, around 2.3 billion people lived in water-stressed river basins and this could increase to 3.5 billion by 2025. We review the current status of wastewater irrigation by providing an overview of the extent of the practice throughout the world and through synthesizing the current understanding of factors influencing sus..

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University of Melbourne Researchers