Theory of mind and unawareness of illness in schizophrenia - Is poor insight a mentalizing deficit?
Emre Bora, Gulsah Sehitoglu, Mustafa Aslier, Ihsan Atabay, Baybars Veznedaroglu
EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE | SPRINGER HEIDELBERG | Published : 2007
This study investigates the impact of theory of mind (ToM) deficits on poor insight in schizophrenia. The scale for unawareness of mental disorder (SUMD) was administered to 58 stable outpatients with schizophrenia. First and second order false belief tasks, the Eyes test and a battery of nonToM cognitive measures were administered. The Second order false belief task was the best predictor of each global insight and symptom attribution scores of the SUMD. ToM tasks explained the substantial amount of the variance (ranging from 22.5% to 29.9%) for the insight scores and classified the significant amount of the patients who were aware of the illness correctly. WCST perseveration scores did not..View full abstract