Journal article

Hematopoietic progenitor cell mobilization results in hypoxia with increased hypoxia-inducible transcription factor-1 alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor A in bone marrow

Jean-Pierre Levesque, Ingrid G Winkler, Jean Hendy, Brenda Williams, Falak Helwani, Valerie Barbier, Bianca Nowlan, Susan K Nilsson

STEM CELLS | ALPHAMED PRESS | Published : 2007


Despite the fact that many hypoxia-inducible genes are important in hematopoiesis, the spatial distribution of oxygen in the bone marrow (BM) has not previously been explored in vivo. Using the hypoxia bioprobe pimonidazole, we showed by confocal laser scanning microscopy that the endosteum at the bone-BM interface is hypoxic, with constitutive expression of hypoxia-inducible transcription factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) protein in steady-state mice. Interestingly, at the peak of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) mobilization induced by either granulocyte colony-stimulating factor or cyclophosphamide, hypoxic areas expand through the central BM. Furthermore, we found that HSPC mobiliz..

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University of Melbourne Researchers