Journal article

A proposed structural basis for picrotoxinin and picrotin binding in the glycine receptor pore

Zhe Yang, Brett A Cromer, Robert J Harvey, Michael W Parker, Joseph W Lynch

JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY | WILEY | Published : 2007

Abstract

Picrotoxin, an antagonist of structurally-rated GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)Rs) and glycine receptors (GlyRs), is an equimolar mixture of picrotoxinin (PTXININ) and picrotin (PTN). These compounds share a common structure except that PTN contains a slightly larger dimethylmethanol in place of the PTXININ isopropenyl group. Although the homomeric alpha1 GlyR is equally sensitive to both compounds, we show here that homomeric alpha2 and alpha3 GlyRs, like most GABA(A)Rs, are selectively inhibited by PTXININ. As conservative mutations to pore-lining 6' threonines equally affect the sensitivity of the alpha1 GlyR to both compounds, we conclude that PTXININ and PTN bind to 6' threonines by hydrogen..

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