Journal article

Neural drive to human genioglossus in obstructive sleep apnoea

Julian P Saboisky, Jane E Butler, David K McKenzie, Robert B Gorman, John A Trinder, David P White, Simon C Gandevia

JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON | WILEY | Published : 2007

Abstract

One postulated mechanism for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is insufficient drive to the upper-airway musculature during sleep, with increased (compensatory) drive during wakefulness. This generates more electromyographic activity in upper airway muscles including genioglossus. To understand drives to upper airway muscles, we recorded single motor unit activity from genioglossus in male groups of control (n = 7, 7 +/- 2 events h(-1)) and severe OSA (n = 9, 54 +/- 4 events h(-1)) subjects. One hundred and seventy-eight genioglossus units were recorded using monopolar electrodes. Subjects were awake, supine and breathing through a nasal mask. The distribution of the six types of motor unit act..

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