Journal article

Loss of phosphorus and nitrogen in runoff and subsurface drainage from high and low input pastures grazed by sheep in southern Australia

AR Melland, MR Mc Caskill, RE White, DF Chapman

AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF SOIL RESEARCH | CSIRO PUBLISHING | Published : 2008

Abstract

High rates of fertiliser applied to boost pasture growth in the southern Australian sheep industry may lead to eutrophication of waterways and groundwater degradation. A field study was used to investigate whether higher fertiliser and stocking rates would increase nutrient loss in runoff and subsurface flow from pastures. Phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) concentrations in surface and subsurface flow were measured from 1998-2000 in four 0.5-ha hillslope plots. Surface flow volume was measured directly and subsurface water flux was estimated using soil moisture data and a water balance model. A simulated rainfall study was also conducted using 0.64-m2 plots. The treatments represented were: a ..

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