Journal article

Effect of nitrous oxide on plasma homocysteine and folate in patients undergoing major surgery

PS Myles, MTV Chan, K Leslie, P Peyton, M Paech, A Forbes

BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Nitrous oxide (N(2)O) inhibits methionine synthetase resulting in elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) concentration after surgery. In epidemiological studies, hyperhomocysteinaemia is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and dementia. METHODS: Blood samples were obtained to measure plasma folate and Hcy concentrations from two centres participating in a multicentre randomized trial investigating the effects of N(2)O on the outcome after major surgery. The effect of N(2)O and duration of anaesthesia on plasma Hcy, and the relationship between hyperhomocysteinaemia and outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: We enrolled 394 patients. The N(2)O Group had an increase in p..

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