Journal article

Nitrogen balances in temperate perennial grass and clover dairy pastures in south-eastern Australia

RJ Eckard, DF Chapman, RE White

AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH | CSIRO PUBLISHING | Published : 2007

Abstract

Nitrogen (N) fertiliser use on dairy pastures in south-eastern Australia has increased exponentially over the past 15 years. Concurrently, imports of supplementary feed onto dairy farms have increased, adding further nutrients to the system. These trends raise questions about the environmental effects of higher nutrient inputs to dairy farms. To gauge possible effects, annual N balances were calculated from an experiment where N inputs and losses were measured for 3 years from non-irrigated grass/clover pastures receiving either no N fertiliser (Control) or 200 kg N/ha applied annually as ammonium nitrate or urea. Estimated total N inputs, averaged over the 3 years, were 154, 314, and 321 kg..

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