Journal article

N-acetylcysteine does not artifactually lower plasma creatinine concentration

Michael Haase, Anja Haase-Fielitz, Sujiva Ratnaike, Michael C Reade, Sean M Bagshaw, Stanislao Morgera, Duska Dragun, Rinaldo Bellomo

NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: All randomized controlled trials of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in contrast media-induced nephropathy used creatinine as a marker of renal function. However, it has been suggested that NAC may lower plasma creatinine levels independent of any effects on glomerular filtration rate (GFR). METHODS: At a tertiary hospital 110 cardiac surgical patients were randomly allocated to peri-operative infusion of NAC (300 mg/kg over 24 h, N = 30) or placebo (N = 80). We compared the plasma concentrations of creatinine, cystatin C and urea, the plasma creatinine/plasma cystatin C ratio and the estimated GFR at baseline and at 24 and 72 h after commencement of the infusion. We measured urinary creat..

View full abstract