Journal article

Local expression of IDO, either alone or in combination with CD40Ig, IL10 or CTLA4Ig, inhibits indirect xenorejection responses

William R Mulley, Yu Din Li, Janet L Wee, Natalie Dodge, Dale Christiansen, Charmaine Simeonovic, Francesco L Ierino, Mauro S Sandrin

XENOTRANSPLANTATION | WILEY | Published : 2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To overcome cell-mediated xenorejection by transgenic expression of immunomodulatory molecules by a graft, it is likely that expression of multiple molecules will be required. Previous studies support the use of the immunomodulatory agents indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), CD40Ig, interleukin 10 (IL10), and CTLA4Ig for suppression of rejection responses. We examined the effects of local expression of these molecules by a porcine cell line (PIEC) on indirect murine xenorejection responses in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: The PIEC stable lines expressing IDO, CD40Ig, and IL10 as single molecules were generated. In addition, PIEC lines expressing IDO with either CD40Ig, IL10 or CTLA4..

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