Does smoking among friends explain apparent genetic effects on current smoking in adolescence and young adulthood?
VM White, GB Byrnes, B Webster, JL Hopper
BRITISH JOURNAL OF CANCER | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2008
We used data from a prospective cohort study of twins to investigate the influence of unmeasured genetic and measured and unmeasured environmental factors on the smoking behaviour of adolescents and young adults. Twins were surveyed in 1988 (aged 11-18 years), 1991, 1996 and 2004 with data from 1409, 1121, 732 and 758 pairs analysed from each survey wave, respectively. Questionnaires assessed the smoking behaviour of twins and the perceived smoking behaviour of friends and parents. Using a novel logistic regression analysis, we simultaneously modelled individual risk and excess concordance for current smoking as a function of zygosity, survey wave, parental smoking and peer smoking. Being co..View full abstract