Journal article

Asymmetric quantum error correction via code conversion

Ashley M Stephens, Zachary WE Evans, Simon J Devitt, Lloyd CL Hollenberg

PHYSICAL REVIEW A | AMER PHYSICAL SOC | Published : 2008

Abstract

In many physical systems it is expected that environmental decoherence will exhibit an asymmetry between dephasing and relaxation that may result in qubits experiencing discrete phase errors more frequently than discrete bit errors. In the presence of such an error asymmetry, an appropriately asymmetric quantum code-that is, a code that can correct more phase errors than bit errors-will be more efficient than a traditional, symmetric quantum code. Here we construct fault tolerant circuits to convert between an asymmetric subsystem code and a symmetric subsystem code. We show that, for a moderate error asymmetry, the failure rate of a logical circuit can be reduced by using a combined symmetr..

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University of Melbourne Researchers