Red thick disks of nearby galaxies
ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL | IOP PUBLISHING LTD | Published : 2005
Edge-on systems reveal the properties of disk galaxies as a function of height, z, above the plane. Four local edge-on galaxies that are close enough to have been resolved into stars by the Hubble Space Telescope show thick disks composed of a red stellar population that is old and relatively metal rich. Color gradients, Δ(V - 1)/Δz, are zero or slightly positive. Favored models may have an explicit thick disk formation phase. © 2005. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.