Journal article

Pure and mixed manic subtypes: a review of diagnostic classification and validation

Frederick Cassidy, Lakshmi N Yatham, Michael Berk, Paul Grof

BIPOLAR DISORDERS | WILEY | Published : 2008


OBJECTIVE: To review issues surrounding the diagnosis and validity of bipolar manic states. METHODS: Studies of the manic syndrome and its diagnostic subtypes were reviewed emphasizing historical development, conceptualizations, formal diagnostic proposals, and validation. RESULTS: Definitions delineating mixed and pure manic states derive some validity from external measures. DSM-IV and ICD-10 diagnosis of bipolar mixed states are too rigid and less restrictive definitions can be validated. Anxiety is a symptom often overlooked in diagnosis of manic subtypes and may be relevant to the mixed manic state. The boundary for separation of mixed mania and depression remains unclear. A 'pure' non-..

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University of Melbourne Researchers