Journal article

Co-localization of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2-, octomer-4- and CD34-positive cells in rabbit atherosclerotic plaques

Anthony Zulli, Sudarshan Rai, Brian F Buxton, Louise M Burrell, David L Hare

EXPERIMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY | WILEY-BLACKWELL | Published : 2008

Abstract

Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a novel enzyme with possible implications in the treatment of blood pressure disorders. Recent evidence suggests that an upregulation of ACE2 can be stimulated by all-trans retinoic acid (at-RA); however, at-RA also affects regulation of the stem-cell marker octomer-4 (Oct-4) and thus cellular differentiation. We have previously shown that smooth muscle cells and macrophages present within rabbit atherosclerotic plaques are positive for ACE2, Oct-4 and the haematopoietic stem-cell marker CD34. Thus, to provide evidence that possible at-RA treatment could affect both plaque cellular biology (via effects on cellular differentiation) and blood pressure ..

View full abstract