Journal article

Tachykinins and their functions in the gastrointestinal tract

Y Shimizu, H Matsuyama, T Shiina, T Takewaki, JB Furness

CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES | SPRINGER BASEL AG | Published : 2008

Abstract

In the gastrointestinal tract, tachykinins are peptide neurotransmitters in nerve circuits that regulate intestinal motility, secretion, and vascular functions. Tachykinins also contribute to transmission from spinal afferents that innervate the gastrointestinal tract and have roles in the responses of the intestine to inflammation. Tachykinins coexist with acetylcholine, the primary transmitter of excitatory neurons innervating the muscle, and act as a co-neurotransmitter of excitatory neurons. Excitatory transmission is mediated through NK1 receptors (primarily on interstitial cells of Cajal) and NK2 receptors on the muscle. Tachykinins participate in slow excitatory transmission at neuro-..

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University of Melbourne Researchers