Journal article

Disturbances of colonic motility in mouse models of Hirschsprung's disease

Rachael R Roberts, Joel C Bornstein, Annette J Bergner, Heather M Young

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-GASTROINTESTINAL AND LIVER PHYSIOLOGY | AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC | Published : 2008

Abstract

Mutations in genes encoding members of the GDNF and endothelin-3 (Et-3) signaling pathways can cause Hirschsprung's disease, a congenital condition associated with an absence of enteric neurons in the distal gut. GDNF signals through Ret, a receptor tyrosine kinase, and Et-3 signals through endothelin receptor B (Ednrb). The effects of Gdnf, Ret, and ET-3 haploinsufficiency and a null mutation in ET-3 on spontaneous motility patterns in adult and developing mice were investigated. Video recordings were used to construct spatiotemporal maps of spontaneous contractile patterns in colon from postnatal and adult mice in vitro. In Ret(+/-) and ET-3(+/-) mice, which have normal numbers of enteric ..

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