Long-term cigarette smoke exposure increases uncoupling protein expression but reduces energy intake
Hui Chen, Michelle J Hansen, Jessica E Jones, Ross Vlahos, Gary P Anderson, Margaret J Morris
BRAIN RESEARCH | ELSEVIER | Published : 2008
The appetite suppressing effect of tobacco is a major driver of smoking behaviour; however few studies have addressed the effects of chronic cigarette smoke exposure (SE) on appetite, body weight and metabolic markers. We compared the effects of SE to equivalent food restriction (pair-fed, PF), against sham-exposure, on body weight, adiposity, cytokines, and levels of uncoupling proteins (UCP) and brain neuropeptide Y (NPY) in male Balb/C mice. SE rapidly induced anorexia, and after 12 weeks, SE and PF groups were lighter than control animals (23.9+/-0.2, 25.5+/-0.5, 26.8+/-0.4 g respectively, P<0.05). White fat (WAT) masses were reduced by both SE and PF. Plasma leptin and insulin were redu..View full abstract
This work was funded by National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia.