Journal article

Long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids reduce atrial vulnerability in a novel canine pacing model

Gabriel Laurent, Gordon Moe, Xudong Hu, Bruce Holub, Howard Leong-Poi, Judy Trogadis, Kim Connelly, David Courtman, Bradley H Strauss, Paul Dorian

CARDIOVASCULAR RESEARCH | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2008

Abstract

AIM: Our objective was to assess the effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) on atrial fibrillation (AF) vulnerability and atrial structure in a new model of atrial cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Dogs were studied in three groups: seven control dogs (UNPACED) and 24 dogs undergoing simultaneous atrioventricular pacing (for 2 weeks) assigned to placebo treatment (SAVP-PLACEBO, n = 12 dogs) or oral n-3 PUFAs (1 g/day) treatment (SAVP-PUFA, n = 12 dogs). SAVP-PUFA dogs had less AF inducibility (percentage of burst attempts leading to AF episodes: 5.5 +/- 7.4 vs. 20.4 +/- 14.2, P < 0.001) and maintenance [median AF duration: 601 s (377-1216) vs. 1598 s (1195-2400), P < 0...

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