Journal article

Evidence for prion protein expression in enteroglial cells of the myenteric plexus of mouse intestine

Valeria Albanese, Victoria A Lawson, Andrew F Hill, Cappai Roberto, Giovanni Di Guardo, Vasiliki Stalkopoulos, Michelle Thacker, John B Furness, Roberto Chiocchetti

AUTONOMIC NEUROSCIENCE-BASIC & CLINICAL | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2008

Abstract

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are slowly progressive and fatal neurodegenerative diseases affecting man and animals. They are caused by pathological isoforms (PrP(Sc)) of the host-encoded cellular prion protein (PrP(C)). There are two crucial factors for the initiation of infection, namely host cells PrP(C) expression and sufficient sequence homology between the PrP(Sc) to which the animal is exposed and its own PrP(C). In acquired TSEs, the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is the main prion entry site. Hence, it is of paramount importance to an understanding of the early pathogenesis of prion infections, to characterize the GIT cell types constitutively expressing PrP(C). Twe..

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